Iconic & Historic Indian Bridges That Stood The Take a look at of Time


Between the dwelling root bridges of the state of Meghalaya and Tamil Nadu’s mighty Pamban, India’s first sea bridge, the nation has had an extended, winding previous with the construction, which speaks not solely of necessary occasions in historical past, but additionally connects in any other case distant areas with each other. 

Right this moment the nation boasts of exemplary engineering prowess that governs the development of enormous bridges such because the Bandra-Worli Sea Hyperlink and the Mahatma Gandhi Setu. Listed below are eight iconic bridges that present us how we discovered from historical India on this regard, and the way these buildings have stood the check of time. 

1. Pamban bridge, Tamil Nadu

The long-lasting Pamban bridge, which connects Rameswaram Island to the mainland, is nothing however a real engineering marvel. Constructed over a century in the past, the bridge is 2.2 km lengthy and was as soon as India’s longest sea bridge until the development of the Bandra-Worli Sea Hyperlink in Mumbai.

The development of the bridge was initiated in 1911 throughout British rule in India, and it lastly opened in 1914. A spotlight of this historic bridge is the distinctive centre portion, which opens as much as enable ferry motion. This double-leaf part positioned halfway alongside the bridge and designed by German engineer Scherzer is named the Scherzer Span.

The century-old Pamban Bridge, which has survived a number of cyclones and calamities, will quickly be changed by a brand new bridge being constructed parallelly to the previous. In a primary within the nation, the brand new bridge can have a panel that lifts up vertically to permit the cross-movement of trains and sea vessels.

2. Namdang Stone Bridge, Assam

Namdang stone bridge in Assam
A view of Namdang stone bridge in Assam. (Picture credit score: Wikimedia commons)

Although worn down and never as aesthetic as different historic bridges, the Namdang Stone Bridge in Assam is understood for the best way through which it was constructed. 

It was constructed by Ahom King Rudra Singha II in 1703 on the Namdang River and is manufactured from a single piece of stone. It was constructed by craftsmen from Bengal who used supplies like rice, eggs, black lentils and lime for development. 

The bridge has endured a number of pure calamities like earthquakes and floods for over three centuries, and nonetheless stands sturdy and operational. Presently, a highway bridge on which NH 37 passes, it connects Sibsagar to Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts.

3. Umshiang Double-Decker Root Bridge, Meghalaya

The double-decker root bridge in Meghalaya.
The double-decker root bridge in Meghalaya. | Picture credit score: Chethan Y (@chethany210590 on Instagram)

The well-known Umshiang double-decker root bridge is positioned contained in the thick tropical forest of Meghalaya. Created by the Khasi tribes, it doesn’t contain any development labour or supplies, however solely the dwelling roots of timber.

To assemble such a bridge, the Khasis practice the roots of a form of Indian rubber tree, in addition to a secondary root system, to type a path over the river. 

Believed to be over 500 years previous, there are a number of of those sorts of living-root bridges in Cherrapunji. Amongst them, Umshiang is well-liked for its double stacks of roots that type bridges one above the opposite, making it very distinctive from others.

4. Shahi Bridge, Uttar Pradesh

A beautiful view of the Shahi bridge in Uttar Pradesh.
A good looking view of the Shahi bridge in Uttar Pradesh. | Picture credit score: Mohammad (@shot_o_sama on Instagram)

The Shahi Bridge, also called the Mughal Bridge or the Munim Khan’s Bridge, was constructed throughout the reign of Akbar by Munim Khan, the governor of the state of Jaunpur. 

The bridge was constructed over the river Gomati between 1568 and 1569 and is a wonderful remnant of the Mughal rule in Jaunpur. 

Designed by Afghan architect Afzal Ali, the bridge’s carriageway is at floor degree. It has ten gateways for the water to stream and umbrella-like pavilions erected upon the pillars.

The Sixteenth-century bridge was as soon as severely broken within the 1934 earthquake, and 7 of its arches had been rebuilt. The architectural surprise is open to the general public.

5. Howrah Bridge, West Bengal

Among the many hottest and iconic bridges in India, the Howrah Bridge is positioned between the dual cities of Howrah and Kolkata. 

Constructed-in 1943 over the Hooghly River, it’s thought of among the many longest cantilever bridges on the planet. Just a few years after its development, it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the primary Indian Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It’s a big landmark in West Bengal that one should positively not miss out on visiting.

It reportedly carries roughly 100,000 autos and numerous pedestrians day by day.

6. Bridges 226 and 541, Kalka-Shimla railway

The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a narrow-gauge railway between the mountainous route of Kalka and Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. The railway was constructed below the order of Herbert Septimus Harington between 1898 and 1903 to attach Shimla, the summer season capital of India below British rule.

This Kalka-Shimla railway was awarded the standing of UNESCO World Heritage Web site in 2008.

The road has round 864 small and massive bridges, amongst which bridge quantity 541 and 226 are most unusual. Bridge no 541 has 4 storeys of arch galleries, located between Kandaghat and Kanoh stations. Quantity 226 spans a deep valley and was constructed with five-tier arch galleries. It’s located between Sonwara and Dharampur.

7. Aryankavu bridge, Kerala

A view of the iconic Aryankavu 13-arch bridge in Kollam, Kerala.
A view of the long-lasting Aryankavu 13-arch bridge in Kollam, Kerala. | Picture credit score: Ranjith Ram Rony (@cyclotographer on Instagram)

The Aryankavu Bridge in Thenmala, Kerala is a fantastic specimen of European structure in India. 

Constructed on 13 arches in 1904, a metre-gauge line operated on the bridge as a part of the Kollam–Sengottai Railway line. The bridge connects two hillocks and stands on 13 granite pillars, every nearly 100 ft tall. 

It’s sandwiched between the Kollam-Thirumangalam Nationwide Freeway and the Kazhuthurutti river.

The bridge is over a century previous however reveals little signal of degradation. The rail route has been utterly transformed to broad gauge.

8. Golden Bridge, Gujarat

Entrance to the Narmada bridge in Gujarat.
Entrance to the Narmada bridge in Gujarat. | Picture credit score: Shubham (@apertures_x_oo7 on Instagram)

The bridge connects Ankleshwar and Bharuch in Gujarat and was in-built 1881 by the British over the Narmada River. 

Often known as the Narmada Bridge, it was constructed by a workforce led by architect Sir John Hawkshaw. The bridge was referred to as the Golden Bridge as a result of heavy expenditure (Rs 45.65 lakh) the British authorities had incurred throughout its development as a result of injury from heavy water stream.

It was initially designed for a single railway line however later transformed to a slender two-lane highway bridge, and is claimed to have carried over 10,000 autos and over a lakh folks day by day. Although it nonetheless stays sturdy and robust, it retired from providers in July 2021 when a brand new four-lane highway bridge was constructed.

Pamban bridge: 10 superior info about India’s first sea bridge, revealed by The Financial Instances on 13 November 2013.
Namdang Stone Bridge – Issues to Know Earlier than Visiting, revealed by Travalour.
Exploring Umshiang, Residence To The Double Decker Residing Roots Bridges, by Shuchita Joshi; revealed by Outlook Traveller on 26 September 2018.
Shahi Bridge by the Authorities of Uttar Pradesh.
Howrah bridge by India. com

Edited by Divya Sethu







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