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Indian Railway Stations That Are UNESCO World Heritage Websites


Indian railways maintain a wealthy heritage and historical past that dates again to British colonial rule within the nation. Based over 170 years in the past in 1845, the railways have develop into one of many busiest and budget-friendly journey modes for passengers within the nation.

As an effort to showcase its lengthy heritage, the Indian railways has been sustaining a number of museums, heritage parks and galleries, unfold throughout India.

Although there are numerous historic rail routes, bridges, tracks and so forth that also maintain the wealthy heritage of railways, a number of railway stations that have been constructed over a century in the past nonetheless stand the check of time.

However do you know that amongst these railway stations, 4 have been accorded UNESCO World Heritage standing?

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), Nilgiri Mountain Railway (2005), Kalka Shimla Railway (2008) and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (2004) have been honoured with heritage standing

Among the many 4, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri mountain railway and Kalka-Shimla railway are a part of the mountain railways and have been listed for the beautiful views of the mountain ranges. Whereas, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai has been honoured for its stunning Italian Gothic fashion of structure.

1. Darjeeling Himalayan railway

Constructed between 1879 and 1881 with British curiosity, the Darjeeling Himalayan railway runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling within the Indian state of West Bengal. It’s a 2 ft gauge railway that extends as much as a size of about 88 km and travels over elevated terrain, from about 100 metres at an altitude of over 2,200 meters utilizing six zig-zags and 5 loops with a ruling gradient of 1:31 to achieve altitude.

Steam engine of the toy train at Darjeeling mountain railways
Steam engine of the toy prepare at Darjeeling mountain railways. | Photograph supply: Umesh Rao (@urao65 on Instagram)

Now each steam and diesel engines serve the route that covers 18 stops offering breathtaking panoramic views of the Himalayas and the close by hills. This rail line was accorded UNESCO World Heritage Standing in 1999, thereby changing into the primary railway in Asia to get such an honour.

2. Nilgiri Mountain Railway

A view of Nilgiris mountain railways.
A view of Nilgiris mountain railways. | Photograph supply: Albin Abey (@albinabey on Instagram)

Opened within the yr 1908, the Nilgiris mountain railways was probably the most bold engineering tasks of the British Raj. The toy prepare was constructed by the Britishers for handy journey to the Ooty hill station in search of reduction from the warmth and to benefit from the climate.

Nilgiris mountain railways
Toy prepare on the Nilgiris mountain railways. | Photograph supply: Arkanshu Atha (@arkanshuatha on Instagram)

This railway, scaling an elevation of 326 metres to 2,203 metres is a 1,000 mm metre gauge railway within the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu. It highlights the marvels of engineering and in addition induces a classic and nostalgic attraction. It runs by the gorgeous mountains of Ooty to Mettupalayam by way of Coonoor providing magnificent views of the mist-clad hills, lush inexperienced lands, dense forests, and slim valleys.

UNESCO declared the Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) toy prepare a World Heritage Website in 2005.

3. Kalka Shimla Railway

A view of the Kalka-Shimla railway route
A view of the Kalka-Shimla rail route. | Photograph supply: Harish Sharma (@shadow_and _sun on Instagram)

Shimla was the summer season capital of British India in 1864 and in addition the Headquarters of the British military in India. The Kalka Shimla railway was constructed by the British, between 1898 and 1903, to attach Shimla with the remainder of the Indian rail system. This iconic rail community identified for its beautiful views of the Himalayan ranges can also be thought-about a specimen of the best slim gauge engineering in India.

It’s a 96.6-kilometre-long narrow-gauge railway between the mountainous route of Kalka and Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. Moreover, the road has over 800 small and large bridges and viaducts and over 100 bridges which have been inbuilt simply three years. 

4. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus

An exterior view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai.
An exterior view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai. Photograph Supply: Ansh Pictures (@anshphotography on Instagram)

Previously often known as Victoria Terminus Station, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station and an ideal specimen of Victorian Gothic Revival structure in India. The construction of the terminus was designed by a British architectural engineer named F. W. Stevens in an Italian Gothic fashion in the course of the late 1800s. Beginning in 1878, it took round 10 years to finish the development of the terminus which was constructed to interchange the Bori Bunder terminus and was named Victoria Terminus to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. Later in 1996, it was renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to honour the nice Maratha Emperor.

A glimpse of the Italian Gothic architecture at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai.
A glimpse of the Italian Gothic structure on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai. | Photograph supply: Omkar Nilekar ( on Instagram)

It’s famous for its outstanding particulars and buildings equivalent to the gorgeous stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric floor plan that additionally aligned with the normal Indian palace structure. An amalgam of two cultures, it was a workforce effort by the British architects and Indian craftsmen to create a really distinctive and iconic construction.

Edited by Yoshita Rao

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway by Wikivoyage
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railways: A Passage by Time by Authorities of India.
Kalka-Shimla Railways by Nationwide Informatics Centre (NIC)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus by UNESCO


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